Self-Esteem vs. Self-Criticism

Man holding magnifying glass over eyePeople often speak as if self-esteem were based on a self-evaluation of your skills and talents. We’re encouraged to think about the things we’re good at in order to improve our reputation with ourselves. Liking certain things about ourselves is certainly valuable. But, as many people who suffer with low self-esteem can tell you, knowing you perform well at something can’t replace the inner peace of healthy self-esteem.

Even thinking of things you like about yourself – your sense of humor, your generosity, your reliable nature – often just feels like a mental exercise that never really touches your baseline level of self-esteem.  Rather than thinking of self-esteem as the result of an evaluative process, think of it as the natural state of all human beings at birth.

No one is born with low self-esteem. At birth, we are not yet aware of all the wonderful and significant things about the person we are. And yet, we still manage to feel just fine about ourselves as a little bundle of needs demanding to be met. The question of self-worth is not on our radar when we enter the world.

As babies, under normal circumstances, we enjoy taking in the sights, sounds, textures and smells around us. When we’re hungry or wet or scared, we cry. We don’t consider whether we are worthy of being fed or receiving nurturing. We only know that we want it. In other words, we come into this world pre-programmed with self-acceptance. Then comes childhood.

It would take a saint, a social vacuum, and the perfect alignment of stars to raise someone without the child ever feeling badly about them self. Consequently, most of us emerge from childhood feeling inadequate. Our natural esteem for ourselves is eroded or injured as we grow into adults – in some of us far more than others.

Though we may not think about it consciously, some of us live with a familiar level of discomfort inside. We criticize our thoughts, feelings and behavior before others can beat us to it. This is low self-esteem. While low self-esteem originates in an accumulation of early experiences of feeling “bad,” it is perpetuated in the present by a constant stream of internal self-criticism.

When working with clients who are suffering with low self-esteem, I often note that the problems that bring them to therapy are exacerbated by self-criticism. The process of unrelenting self-criticism often comes in the form of negative self-talk. Such critical thoughts are often a re-creation of the original caregiver-child relationship.

Negative self-talk reduces the heart’s ability to heal from emotional wounds. Thus, it may be helpful to think of high self-esteem as the opposite of self-criticism. People who enjoy high self-esteem do not engage constantly in criticizing themselves. This is not to suggest that high-self-esteem folks think everything they do is great.

On the contrary, those who enjoy higher self-esteem hold themselves to personal standards, and regularly evaluate how they’re doing. The difference is that, when they (inevitably) disappoint themselves, they don’t conclude that they’re “bad” or unworthy. They simply acknowledge their errors and make a note to try harder next time.

If you feel you suffer from low self-esteem, pay attention to how often you criticize yourself in your mind. If you’re like many people, you may be barraged so often with self-criticism that you don’t even notice it consciously! It’s like the operating software on a computer; it runs all your programs invisibly in the background.

To replace your operating system with one that serves you better, promise you’ll be kinder to yourself in your mind, and then do it. Root out and expose the critical voice inside that won’t cut you a break. Also, seek out relationships with people who help you feel accepted and appreciated. A good therapist will engage with you in this kind of healing relationship, providing you with a model you can build on in the future.

You can not change what happened to you in the past, but you can change how you treat yourself in the present. If you’re not accepting and esteeming yourself today, you deserve better treatment from the most important person in your life: you.

© Copyright 2010 by By Tina Gilbertson, MA, LPC. All Rights Reserved. Permission to publish granted to

The preceding article was solely written by the author named above. Any views and opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by Questions or concerns about the preceding article can be directed to the author or posted as a comment below.

  • Leave a Comment
  • kelly ronald

    July 16th, 2010 at 12:40 PM

    thank you for opening my eyes on this one.I always thought that me being good at music was my self-esteem and that nothing else mattered because I was a ‘King of a trade’!

  • Beth

    July 16th, 2010 at 11:06 PM

    The difference would be what is between healthy self-criticism and its not-so-healthy counterpart.
    You see,it is okay to be constantly monitoring yourself and improving yourself but it would be bad to actually think that whatever you do is not good enough and taking a bleak image of yourself.

  • Kayla

    July 17th, 2010 at 2:04 PM

    Having a low self esteem and a negative view of oneself kind og goes with the territory of being human most of the time don’t you think? You can’t always be sally sunshine- that’s not the way life works for everyone. There are just some people who are more in control of who they are and know what they want to be. For the rest of us things like this are always going to be more of a struggle.

  • Tina Gilbertson

    August 9th, 2010 at 12:00 PM

    While we certainly all have bad times and feel down sometimes, I’m not sure that having a negative view of oneself is an inescapable part of being human. It is consistent with healthy self-esteem to be disappointed in oneself at times. But it is certainly possible to have a generally positive self-regard IF you value all the different parts of yourself – including those that feel weak, inadequate or unattractive. Sadly, these (very human) parts of ourselves are the ones we’re encouraged to turn against in an effort to help us fit in.

  • k c

    November 13th, 2010 at 2:45 PM

    The other day I was talking to one of my friends, and she mentioned that her counselor suggested she start using affirmations to help her make some changes in her life.

    I said “Cool! I happen to know something about writing and using affirmations”.

    We spent some time coming up with her affirmations and wrote a few that would get her started”

    Then she said “How do I use them, and how do I remember to say them?”

    Good question!

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