Embracing Your Identities: What It Means to Come Out

Rainbow FlagThe act of “coming out” is to move from a place of silence, stigma, or shame toward the possibility of pride and acceptance. Coming out isn’t just about sex or gender expression—we come out when we confess that we don’t have our driver’s license, that we have an invisible disability or medical condition, that we’re asexual, that we don’t believe in God, that we’re kinky, or that we’ve suffered a loss. It can serve to “other” oneself or to move into a like-minded community. Coming out can be surprising to all parties involved or to no one. It can go more easily than expected, or it can lead to feelings of rejection and, in some cases, even physical threats.

I recently began training as a diversity educator in an intentionally diverse group of adult facilitators. As part of our training, we all take part in the same activities we are learning to orchestrate, starting conversations among ourselves that we hope to host within new groups of students down the line. One such activity is referred to as the “I am” exercise. It’s not particularly novel—participants take a sticky note and write down three things that they “are.” These can be nouns or adjectives, relationships or traits, roles or values.

Participants do not write their names on the sticky notes. When everyone is finished, the notes are attached to a wall, door, or other flat surface. This makes the diversity of the group somewhat visible. From there, the facilitator of the activity will read the descriptions aloud, anonymously—“I am a student” or “I am queer,” for exampleand when a participant identifies with a given descriptor, he or she raises a hand.

It’s an interesting experiment in intragroup feelings—feelings of sameness and uniqueness—but also an interesting practice of coming out. Significantly, intentionally, this activity shows less about how someone typically identifies than it does about how a person chooses to identify—on that particular day, in that particular group.

In my group, for example, participants were mostly queer-identified—to my surprise, only two people didn’t raise their hand when the facilitator read “I am queer.” Again to my surprise, when “I am a spiritual person” was called, only two people were left with their hands down. Despite taking place within a close-knit and affirming group, this part of the exercise had the potential to create some anxiety—but also relief if another person who shared this identifier was located. There was a felt sense of solidarity at times and an experience of feeling different at others.

In general, it’s easier to “come out” in a group where we feel comfortable, and we usually feel more comfortable in a group that’s like us in some easily identifiable ways. Minorities may seek out support groups or safe spaces where they will have common interests and values. In other groups, they may become frustrated with being seen as the “spokesperson” for their minority group or, if their minority status is invisible, they may feel unsafe coming out at all. Certainly, the effort of inclusion should be assigned to members of dominant, privileged groups rather than placing that burden on the shoulders of marginalized parties. But it’s an easy mistake to make—for privileged group members to assume others are like them when this often goes unchallenged.

Coming out can make the personal political, but it can also make the political personal. Following a poll in May 2013, the Pew Research Center (2013) found that:

Roughly two-thirds (68%) of those who know a lot of people who are gay or lesbian favor gay marriage, compared with just 32% of those who don’t know anyone […] Part of this is a matter of who is more likely to have many gay acquaintances: the young, city dwellers, women, and the less religious, for example. But even taking these factors into account, the relationship between personal experiences and acceptance of homosexuality is a strong one. (para. 3)

This creates somewhat of a domino effect in our culture—by coming out as “different,” one makes it easier for others to do the same. It creates new group norms and personalizes identities that may have been previously regarded as foreign.

There are also identities—being bisexual, pansexual, genderfluid, or agnostic—where “coming out” may not be as pressured or valued. These are identities that, due to their binary blurring, may be less widely understood, and otherwise-affirming friends may express their skepticism. When coming out creates unfamiliar labels, we may be left with more questions than answers.

No matter the journey, the coming-out process is deeply personal and should be respected as such. Although the act of coming out has the potential to effect change in larger systems, it’s a decision that is best left to the individual. Many people who decide to come out have spent some time imagining the worst and preparing for loss. Some can’t afford to risk those losses, or don’t have the support they need to feel safe.

For those who do decide to come out, however, it’s a decision that’s not without payoff. People come out for all manner of reasons—because they want to have authentic relationships with their family, because they want to live in accordance with their values, because they want more fulfilling sexual relationships, and so on. Coming out is an act of empowerment. It’s choosing an identity rather than having it assigned, even in the face of potential disapproval.


  1. Copulsky, D. (2014). Coming out [comic]. Sex Ed Plus. Retrieved from http://www.sexedplus.com/coming-out/
  2. Lindsay, R. A. (2012). Coming out atheist is not the same as coming out LGBT. Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ronald-a-lindsay/coming-our-atheist-is-not-the-same-as-coming-out-gay_b_1577843.html
  3. Pew Research Center. (2013). In gay marriage debate, both supporters and opponents see legal recognition as ‘inevitable.’ Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.people-press.org/2013/06/06/in-gay-marriage-debate-both-supporters-and-opponents-see-legal-recognition-as-inevitable/
  4. Secular Safe House. (n.d.). Secular Safe House: A safe refuge for those coming out of Religion, Cults, or as LGBTQ. Secular Safe House. Retrieved from http://secularsafehouse.org/

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  • Leave a Comment
  • Randall

    March 7th, 2015 at 3:59 AM

    In my situation it felt like absolute freedom to finally be able to speak about what I wanted to speak about and express my attraction to the people that I wanted to. I guess it was like a freedom for me that I have never ever had the chance to act on before. I am lucky in that I had a lot of family members who supported me through it all, but it was a real journey for me, but one that has been so much more pleasant than those feelings of hiding the real me.

  • polly

    March 7th, 2015 at 11:09 AM

    for some of us it has meant losing those that we love
    because they don’t understand
    or they are afraid of what they don’t know

  • Phoebe

    March 9th, 2015 at 5:40 AM

    I would have to hope that for more and more people today, coming out is going to send a message that we no longer have to feel afraid of what we are and afraid of the reactions that we then receive from other people. I hope that as the years pass it will become more and more about fulfilling that dream of who we are and choose to spend our lives with, a dream that for so long has been denied to those other than the ones who are heterosexual.

  • Sunshine

    March 9th, 2015 at 3:55 PM

    I keep waiting for that perfect time or moment to come out to my family, and I have been close before but then something always happens that will hold me back. I think that more than anything else I am afraid that my reality will alienate them and the one thing that I never wanted throughout all of this was to lose my family. I want to always hold them tight and not let them go and my hopes would be that they will feel the same way. But there is something so scary about that decision to be open and honest about it, and while liberating, it is terrifying as well.

  • Joel

    March 10th, 2015 at 10:40 AM

    we all wish to fit in
    and have been made to feel
    over time
    that being gay
    is wrong
    less than desirable

  • Randee

    March 11th, 2015 at 10:31 AM

    If you are with a group of people who are like you and tend to identify in the way that you do then I think it is very natural to feel much more comfortable and confident in those settings.
    It is hard for anyone to not feel like they are being put down or criticized if you are in a situation where it is you versus the rest of the world.
    The moral of the story?
    Surround yourself with the people who love you and really don’t care who you choose to love as long as they get to be a part of that.

  • Tolly

    March 14th, 2015 at 8:31 AM

    It means that you can finally be you.

  • wondering

    May 21st, 2015 at 6:09 PM

    so long ago
    the front seat
    a session in lovemaking
    tasted so good
    longing for a repeat
    but wait
    the desire for so many
    the fantasies of many

  • Jill S

    June 2nd, 2017 at 7:41 PM

    It is very hard to find that special partner when you come out later in life

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