Deviant talk is a method of gaining attention from others, using sarcasm, jokes, or other tactics to evoke response. For adolescents, gaining the approval of peers is an important social behavior. For at risk youth, deviant talk as a method of gaining peer approval can be especially harmful when they are receiving treatment in residential facilities. “It has been linked to escalation in adolescent substance use, violence, and child antisocial behavior,” said A.L. Zakriski of Connecticut College, and lead author of a new study examining the detrimental effects of deviant talk. “Given the risk of harm, it is important for treatment programs to monitor deviancy training, especially when peer contact is high.”
In most treatment settings, observation is the primary tool for measuring deviancy training (deviant talk to solicit deviant behavior). Previous research has shown that leader-rated peer deviant training leads to increased aggression and decreased treatment improvement. Zakriski said, “In summary, evidence from community-based treatment programs for antisocial youth has raised concerns about deviancy training within residential treatment, but features of residential treatment and the youth it serves may moderate the risk of harm.”
Zakriski analyzed data from 239 adolescents across 26 various residential summer treatment programs using peer-nominated ratings of deviant behavior. The results revealed that deviant talk was directly linked to antisocial behaviors. “As anticipated, the relationship between early deviant talk and treatment response was influenced by individual and peer group levels of the behavior,” said Zakriski. “It was also positively related to externalizing, and negatively related to pro-social and internalizing behaviors assessed by peers and staff.” The more positively the deviant talk was received by peers, the more the negative behaviors and deviant training persisted. Teens whose deviant attempts were largely ignored were more receptive to treatment. Zakriski added, “From a prevention standpoint, it will be important to know earlier than 2 weeks into treatment who might engage in problematic levels of deviant talk, and in which groups these behaviors might be especially contagious.”
Zakrisky, Audrey L., Jack C. Wright, and Stephanie L. Cardoos. “Peer-Nominated Deviant Talk Within Residential Treatment: Individual and Group Influences on Treatment Response.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 39 (2011): 989-1000. Print.
© Copyright 2011 by By Noah Rubinstein, LMFT, LMHC, therapist in Olympia, Washington. All Rights Reserved. Permission to publish granted to GoodTherapy.org.
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