Financial Concerns Related to Poor Mental Health in College

College student with head in handsA recently released investigation of mental health in British college students found a significant link between financial problems and risk of experiencing mental health issues. The authors highlight a cycle of financial hardship and poor mental health that could lead to more problems if left unaddressed.

College student mental health is an increasing problem in many parts of the world. In a 2013 survey, 95% of directors at U.S. college counseling centers reported seeing an increase in the number of students with significant mental health issues. Because many school counseling centers are unable to keep up with increasing mental health treatment needs, many researchers’ efforts are focused on reducing students’ exposure to factors that pose a threat to mental health, such as financial stress.

Student Finances and Mental Health: a Vicious Cycle?

Researchers surveyed 454 first-year college students at four different points in time during their first two years of college. They assessed mental health symptoms such as anxiety, depression, stress, and alcohol use. They also assessed financial variables, including level of family affluence based on assets and stress related to money concerns.

Family affluence did not have a significant effect at any stage of the analysis, but financial stress was found to be associated with many mental health variables. At the start of the study, students under higher financial pressure were more likely to experience anxiety, depression, stress, and alcohol dependence problems. Financial stress also predicted greater anxiety and alcohol issues over time.

The researchers also found that the students’ mental health could affect financial stress, leading to an association between poor mental health or substance dependence and more difficulty meeting financial needs later on. Depression was a factor when financial stress was tied to thoughts of leaving school.

Managing Financial Stress

These findings also suggest a serious negative association between student debt and poor mental health over time. Students who reported worrying about taking on debt to pay for school experienced higher amounts of anxiety and stress throughout the survey period.

The connection between financial pressure and poor mental health in college students is not a new finding. A 2013 study focused on the factors associated with finance-based anxiety (a common consequence of financial stress). The study included 180 college students who were receiving counseling at their university’s counseling center. Differences in financial anxiety were found to exist based on age, gender, and socioeconomic status. The identification and verification of such relationships may help in the development of interventions that would be effective across a wide range of groups.

Though completely changing a financial situation may not be possible, the study’s authors suggest students meet with a financial adviser at their school to seek help managing their finances. Because the survey findings show financial stress can fuel mental health issues, being proactive about managing finances may help prevent mental health from spiraling out of control.

References:

  1. Archuleta, K. L., Dale, A., & Spann, S. M. (2013). College students and financial distress: Exploring debt, financial satisfaction, and financial anxiety [PDF file]. Journal of Financial Counseling and Planning, 24(2), 50.
  2. College students’ mental health is a growing concern, survey finds. (2013, June). American Psychological Association. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/2013/06/college-students.aspx
  3. Novotney, A. (2014). Students under pressure. American Psychological Association. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/2014/09/cover-pressure.aspx
  4. Pain, E. (2016, October 4). Tackling the ‘vicious cycle’ of financial challenges and poor mental health. Retrieved from http://www.sciencemag.org/careers/2016/10/tackling-vicious-cycle-financial-challenges-and-poor-mental-health
  5. Richardson, T., Elliott, P., Roberts, R., & Jansen, M. (2016). A longitudinal study of financial difficulties and mental health in a national sample of British undergraduate students. Community Mental Health Journal. doi:10.1007/s10597-016-0052-0

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  • Ethan

    Ethan

    October 11th, 2016 at 2:32 PM

    I happen to worry a whole lot about my finances and some months are better than others. I do try not to let it stress me out so much but when you have to choose between paying one bill or another, well, you start to have a little pressure at times. I am hoping to one day not live paycheck to paycheck but for now this is what it is.

  • george

    george

    October 14th, 2016 at 8:32 AM

    I know that it can be a real struggle for many families as the cost of college tuition continues to increase at a fast rate but I would hate to think that my kids were graduating from college with so much debt hanging over them already.

    I will do anything that I can to help my daughters avoid having to live with that when they get out of school. My wife and I are helping them as much as we can

  • Dia

    Dia

    October 15th, 2016 at 1:21 PM

    I couldn’t go to college even though I wanted to because it was never affordable for me even with loans and grants. I guess that it wasn’t in the cards for me. I do okay but I still feel like there was a lot that I had to miss out on because of those financial constraints that we had.

  • moore

    moore

    October 17th, 2016 at 6:00 PM

    Unfortunately you don’t just leave the financial concerns behind when you leave college

  • Peter N.

    Peter N.

    April 4th, 2017 at 5:10 AM

    Without a financing options, it is not possible to treat any illness, Wish all health practices get freedom to finance their patients, So no one have to leave their doctor due to financial crisis. In college, most of student enroll with heavy loans and In additional to this health treatment can overcost their monthly budget. This can increase depredation level of students. I heard about Medloft, where health specialist can financing their patient without including any lending company. This sound good as cutting out the middle man can also reduce the treatment cost as well.

  • Peter N

    Peter N

    May 16th, 2017 at 5:02 AM

    Recovering from the debt is not an easy without a fix source of income. Try to create more and more ways to earn money.

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