Uncontrollable Happiness May Help Relax People with DepressionDecember 19, 2012 • A GoodTherapy.org News Summary
Depression is characterized by a negative mood and a flat disposition. In general, people with depression have limited emotional range and are unable to feel the ups and downs of emotions in the same way that non-depressed people do. One of the primary goals in the treatment of depression is to increase positive affect. This is usually done by assigning homework assignments. Clients are instructed to participate in activities that make them happy so that their mood may be lifted. But according to a new study by Yoona Kang and June Gruber of the Department of Psychology at Yale University, that may not be the best method.
Kang and Gruber recently conducted a study on 95 individuals, some of whom had major depression (MDD) or bipolar (BD), the rest of whom served as controls (CTLs). The participants were instructed to recall a memory of an event during which they had exhibited controllable happiness, and one of uncontrollable happiness. The goal was to determine if emotional regulation differed in each clinical group relative to non-clinical participants. But an unexpected finding emerged. Although the researchers found that the controlled happy memory caused engagement of emotional regulatory control in all of the participants, only the MDD group had significant increases in positivity.
“Interestingly, the MDD group also exhibited decreased cardiovascular arousal during the Positive-Uncontrollability condition as well,” said the team. In fact, it appeared that thinking about a time when they were uncontrollably happy created a relaxing effect in the individuals with MDD. Kang and Gruber believe that this is in direct contrast to some existing research that suggests that depressed individuals do not experience increases in positive mood by remembering positive events. They believe that this research suggests instead, that individuals with depression who practice emotional control during positive events may actually be impairing their ability to feel positive. The team also hopes future work looks deeper into how uncontrollable happiness can help improve the moods of people living with MDD.
Kang, Y., and Gruber, J. (2012). Harnessing happiness? uncontrollable positive emotion in bipolar disorder, major depression, and healthy adults. Emotion. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0030780
© Copyright 2012 GoodTherapy.org. All rights reserved.
The preceding article was solely written by the author named above. Any views and opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by GoodTherapy.org. Questions or concerns about the preceding article can be directed to the author or posted as a comment below.
claudineDecember 20th, 2012 at 4:05 AM
um, if someone had uncontrolled happiness, I am not too sure that I think that they would be depressed in the first place? just a thought
DavionDecember 20th, 2012 at 4:52 AM
If depression is the order of the day and happy events are far and few then I see no cause to be controlling your happiness.Also,reflecting back on a positive event when things are not great may well be the tiny glimmer of hope in life for these people brought down by depression.They should do whatever works to alleviate their depression and try to grab happiness.
AmelieRDecember 21st, 2012 at 4:14 AM
when someone has the ability to focus on happy, good feelings, then obviously that can go a long way toward allowing them to get past some pervasive depression in life
Leave a Comment
By commenting you acknowledge acceptance of GoodTherapy.org's Terms and Conditions of Use.
Search Our Blog
- Marian: Or could it be that this study was simply biased against the NYT and unwilling to admit that there is actually some information in these...
- tyler: Thinking of ways that I can do more work to my schedule? lol heck no I am usually how to figure out how to get out of it.
- Annika: When I become pregnant I will definitely err on the side of caution and take as little medication as possible while pregnant and while...
- Will: Please, it sounds like this is something that you are going to hold against him and that is unfair. We raise these kids to grow up and to...
- carter p: One of the most helpful things for us as a family was to get all of our sons teachers on board with us too. They have been great at...