Study Suggests Music’s Effects Are Similar Across Cultures

man playing djembeThough music is growing increasingly global as musicians extend their reach to far-flung regions of the world, there’s no denying that music is still somewhat culturally specific. The djembes of West Africa, for instance, are unlikely to top American music charts anytime soon, and the music of Eminem, Taylor Swift, and Rihanna might seem completely out of place where djembes are a favorite source of music. According to a small study, though, music may affect people from different cultures in strikingly similar ways, even when the music is unfamiliar.

The Cross-Cultural Effects of Music

Mbenzele Pygmies living in the rainforest of the Congo have no access to television, radio, or even electricity, which means they’re unlikely to have any familiarity with popular Western tunes. To evaluate how they might react to this music, researchers played 19 clips of music to 40 Mbenzele Pygmies. Researchers asked participants to use emoticons to rate how the music made them feel.

Researchers then performed the same test with 40 musicians in Montreal. Because Mbenzele Pygmies regularly engage in ceremonial singing, the researchers argue that their experience with music is similar to that of the musicians involved in the study.

Unsurprisingly, researchers found that the groups reacted differently to several pieces of music, and what made one group feel bad might make another group feel good. However, both groups rated the music similarly in terms of its ability to excite or calm the listener. This, the study’s authors argue, suggests that people may react to tempo, pitch, and timbre in similar ways regardless of cultural norms. Cultural differences, including differences in the ways the two groups use music, may help explain why the groups disagreed on which music was negative and which was positive.

Lisa Danylchuk, MEd, LMFT, E-RYT, a GoodTherapy.org Topic Expert contributor, said Western cultures often fail to recognize the healing power of music.

“We resonate with the lyrics and tunes, and relate our own internal worlds to the stories we hear in song,” Danylchuk said. “The rhythm and melodies of music can both energize and soothe, while lyrics can help us to make sense of our challenges, hopes, and aspirations. Music also inspires organic movement. Since much of our psychological stress has a physical counterpart, allowing the body to move and express organically is another window into a healing experience.”

References:

Preidt, R. (2014, January 16). Music resonates across cultures, study suggests. Retrieved from http://health.usnews.com/health-news/articles/2015/01/16/music-resonates-across-cultures-study-suggests

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  • buffy

    buffy

    January 27th, 2015 at 10:39 AM

    It doesn’t have to be something from your own culture for you to intuit that this is a piece of music that means something to someone else and that it was created from a very deep and heartfelt place. I think that this is something that resonates across cultures.

  • Rachel

    Rachel

    January 27th, 2015 at 8:32 PM

    Music is music no matter what kind.it can soothe and help you with thinking about so many things about yourself and the things around you.there is not a lot of things that can cross cultures like music can.even if it is a kind of music I’m listening to for the very first time if it is good and I can relate to the rhythm then I like it and nothing can change that.

  • beck

    beck

    January 28th, 2015 at 11:14 AM

    There is so much that music can do in a therapeutic way, that I am actually surprised that this medium is not used more in the everyday setting.When I was a classroom teacher I even found that it helped to have classical music playing in the background at all times, it would sort of set the tone for how I wanted my classroom to learn and engage, and never once did I ever have to turn off the music! As a matter of fact I am convinced that every single student that I had performed better when there was music playing.

  • Jaymee

    Jaymee

    January 30th, 2015 at 10:20 AM

    The same piece of music can be different things for different people. One piece may bring up wonderful memories for me but then horrible ones for someone else.

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