Study Finds Echolocation May Help Blind People Navigate the World

A blind woman walks through a parkEcholocation is a kind of sonar commonly associated with bats and dolphins, who use echolocation to navigate the world and communicate with others. Because human ears aren’t as sensitive as many animals’ ears, echolocation in humans might seem like a supernatural myth rather than a scientific reality. The human body, though, is incredibly adept at adapting to its environment, and blind people must find ways to compensate for their lack of sight. According to a study recently published in Psychological Science, some blind people rely on echolocation. For some, echolocation is so effective that it completely compensates for the lack of sight.

How the Blind Use Echolocation

Echolocation relies on the production of sound to gain information about objects. A person who echolocates produces subtle—and often inaudible—noises. Those sounds bounce off of nearby objects, and the returning sound waves provide information about the location of nearby objects. To determine whether blind people engage in this form of sonar production, researchers tested them for a common illusion. The Charpentier illusion occurs when people perceive a smaller object as heavier than a larger one.

Researchers presented three groups of participants with three cubes of different sizes. The cubes weighed the same, but participants could only lift them by pulling a string attached to each cube. The first group were blind but did not use echolocation, while the second group consisted of blind echolocators who relied on tongue clicks and finger snaps. A third group had no visual impairments.

Researchers found that the blind group that did not use echolocation successfully judged the cubes as weighing the same. Both the sighted group and the blind group that relied on echolocation, though, experienced the smallest box as the heaviest. These results suggest that echolocation mimics the sensory effects of vision, since both sighted people and blind people who relied on echolocation were vulnerable to the illusion. Previous research by the same team suggests that blind people may use brain regions associated with vision while engaged in echolocation.

You can view a real-life example of human echolocation here.

References:

Echolocation: A ‘sixth sense’ for blind people. (2014, December 26). Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/287405.php

© Copyright 2014 GoodTherapy.org. All rights reserved.

The preceding article was solely written by the author named above. Any views and opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by GoodTherapy.org. Questions or concerns about the preceding article can be directed to the author or posted as a comment below.

  • 3 comments
  • Leave a Comment
  • james

    james

    December 30th, 2014 at 11:21 AM

    Quite amazing!

  • Marla

    Marla

    December 30th, 2014 at 2:27 PM

    If there were more people who could rely on this I think that this could be wonderful for so many people who have lost the beauty of eyesight. There will never be anything that takes the place of this sensory experience but I think that this very clearly shows that there are a number of mediums that could probably be very useful to those who are trying to learn new ways to cope with that loss.

  • ted

    ted

    December 31st, 2014 at 11:01 AM

    a learned trait or one that develops over time naturally in those who have lost their sight??

Leave a Comment

By commenting you acknowledge acceptance of GoodTherapy.org's Terms and Conditions of Use.

* Indicates required field.

GoodTherapy uses cookies to personalize content and ads to provide better services for our users and to analyze our traffic. By continuing to use this site you consent to our cookies.