What would you believe if nobody taught you what to believe?
As children, the world seemed so big. We witnessed the reactions and strategies of our caregivers as they navigated various social, political, and religious systems. Maybe one parent yelled at the world while another cowered. Maybe we were asked to keep secrets, as if parts of Self need to be hidden, as if threat is all around us. Maybe we learned that women are supposed to be domineering or docile, that emotions are amplified or hidden, that others are dependable, or that we must become self-sufficient to survive.
We can look back, when older, when we have more awareness of nearly infinite varieties of ways to live, and we can sometimes understand why we respond now to triggers that formed in decades past.
We adapt—not just physically, but emotionally and spiritually. This conditioning assures that we will survive within a certain range of systems, often geographically determined.
In this adaptation process, we separate from parts of Self. When we learn that parts of Self bring ridicule, punishment, or abandonment, we contain those parts. We conform to system norms. Maybe we felt “too quiet” or “too exuberant.” Maybe we were “too vain” or “too insecure.” So we developed strategies or new parts of Self to contain the “unacceptable” parts. And with this we internalized judgments. We learned to police ourselves, to judge and contain before others do.
In the therapy room, the containment shows up in many forms. It might show itself as nonstop talking to keep Self or Other from really seeing. Maybe it’s a silence to keep our true Self safe beneath the surface. It might come with pain in the neck and shoulders, holding the breath, caretaking of others, or playing tough. It might reveal itself in anger from the part contained. Sometimes it’s just a tickle in the throat or the sense that something wants to come up from below the neck.
When we move into reconnection with these parts of Self, it doesn’t matter what we call them. Some use the term Organic Self. Others use Core Self or Inner Child. While each of these terms has its own unique perspective, they all refer to one’s sense of what is real and authentic within, what feels as if it has remained throughout life, surviving from infancy through childhood and into the present moment.
Judgments and the Person You Are ‘Supposed’ to Be
The recognition, awareness, and acceptance of judgments is a key factor in integration—in reconnection with various parts of Self. Judgments are a primary tool of those parts that protect by containing other parts.
Judgments can present as generalized negative assessment of traits or behaviors.
- “I’m ugly.”
- “I’m stupid.”
- “I’m too much,” or, “I’m a burden.”
They can be recognized through strategies that imply an underlying judgment.
- “If I do not look them in the eyes, they will not see me. They will not feel obligated to interact. I will not be a burden. I will not be rejected.”
- “If I keep talking or amplify emotions, they will feel obligated to stay. I will avoid being abandoned if I can hold their attention.”
- “If I am self-sufficient, I will not burden others. They will have no reason to leave.”
- “If I say nothing, I will not sound stupid.”
Looking at these strategies as adults, we can recognize the childlike reasoning behind them. They can be recognized through interaction with others.
- “I’m not smart enough. I need to convince my partner to do this for me.”
- “I’m not good with people. I need my partner to do the talking.”
- “I have to do everything. I need it to be perfect. I need my partner to be perfect.”
Hakomi includes a process of noticing, exploring, and allowing what is. We learn to sit with physical reactions as we explore judgments, memories of their origins, and the actual feeling of both containing and being contained.
What is allowed? What is acceptable? For many, our primary judgments are black-and-white, nonnegotiable, automatic. What is not acceptable in Self is not acceptable for Other. And many of these self-imposed or internalized rules are arbitrary. If asked why some behavior is unacceptable, many will create some reason on the spot, changing that reason every time they are asked. Others will sit for a minute without finding any answer, realizing that the judgment was one implied or enforced in childhood without explanation. Sometimes it will be recognized internally as the voice of a parent.
And this is conflict.
This is one against another and Self against Self.
Internal Conflict Example
One theory suggests that once we feel truly accepted, just as we are, we no longer chase that acceptance. In order to internalize the feeling, we need to feel accepted at least once in life.
In complex trauma, an internal conflict develops between the part that never felt accepted and the part that tries to contain that need (by judging it, by deflecting or avoiding any situation that might fill the need). It’s both a yearning and fearing, experienced simultaneously.
External Conflict Example
We often conflict with those most like us or those on whom we rely to maintain our equilibrium. These are people who reflect to us who we really are and those on whom we depend. If those who reflect us behave in ways we find unacceptable, we find ourselves policing them the way we police ourselves. If those we depend on begin to change, our stability becomes threatened, so we do our best to keep them in their present roles.
An often subconscious internal dialogue might look something like this: “My son is breaking my internal rules. Volume is unacceptable. It draws attention. It is not allowed for me, and it is not allowed for anyone. I will treat him the way I treat myself. I will contain what is not acceptable in me, in him.”
From Judgment to Curiosity
Each containment system comes with judgments and physical restraints. It comes with memories. If asked how old this part feels, many people recall specific memories (or periods) of childhood events—of times they felt a sense of loss or disconnection, as if the world was unable to meet, understand, or appreciate their core Self.
In therapy, we are simply noticing the person we think we are supposed to be. And we are reconnecting, physically, to the parts of Self that feel central, true, pure, timeless, solid, knowing—the parts that are sometimes easier to recognize when nobody is looking.
Hakomi includes a process of noticing, exploring, and allowing what is. We learn to sit with physical reactions as we explore judgments, memories of their origins, and the actual feeling of both containing and being contained. We come to recognize strategies as they play out in real time in the therapy room. We respond to experiments or probes from the therapist, words or movements designed specifically to provoke either side of our internal conflict and to amplify reactions—to make them easily observable in the moment.
When we have developed an ability to zoom in or out and to observe the present internal interactions as connected to physical sensations, we then notice ourselves stepping past initial, previously automatic reactions and beginning a natural questioning: Why am I doing this? How am I relating to all these parts of Self? How am I separate from them? How is each part honoring my core? Is that judgment accurate? Does it fit in this moment? How does it feel to try the opposite? Or something in between?
As we learn to recognize internal conflict and to mediate without choosing sides, we develop a compassionate internal dialogue, finding ways to honor all parts. Parts that developed to help us navigate old systems no longer need to put so much energy into containment. As the containment diminishes, our Organic Self becomes more available in the present. We gradually shake away the residue of childhood, allowing each day an unfolding of who we have always been.
© Copyright 2015 GoodTherapy.org. All rights reserved. Permission to publish granted by Jeremy McAllister, MA, LPCI, Hakomi Experiential Psychotherapy Topic Expert Contributor
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