Do Facebook Users Avoid Discussing Controversial Topics?

A smiling man and woman look at a laptop screenLong before the advent of Facebook, German political scientist Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann coined the term “spiral of silence.” The phrase refers to the tendency of people to avoid speaking out about controversial political issues due to fears of isolation and judgment. Noelle-Neumann believed that the spiral of silence helped to explain the refusal of many Germans to speak out against Nazism. According to a Pew Research Center study of 2,000 adults, the spiral of silence also applies to Facebook, with Facebook users deliberately avoiding controversial topics due to fears of social disapproval.

Understanding Self-Censorship

Social media is often credited with sparking social movements and protests, but according to the study, social media users are less likely to share their views online than they are to discuss them in person. When asked about Edward Snowden’s leak of classified National Security Agency (NSA) documents revealing government attempts to spy on United States citizens, 58% of respondents indicated they were somewhat or very unwilling to discuss the issue on Facebook. Only 43% were very or somewhat willing to discuss the issue.

The researchers also found that people were more likely to share on social media when they believed others agreed with them. Social media algorithms, though, can color these perceptions. Facebook shows stories to users based on what the user has previously liked. If a user steadfastly avoids commenting on or “liking” statuses related to controversial political topics, they might not see those topics in their news feeds at all. Presumably, this could make users view a particular topic as more controversial or unpopular than it actually is. 

When Self-Censorship Extends Beyond Facebook

Although social media users reported being more willing to discuss political issues in person, researchers found that self-censorship on social media could extend to in-person communications as well. Facebook and Twitter users who thought their social networks disagreed with them, were less likely to speak their minds in person.

The study’s authors point out that fears of online bullying and lost friendships may contribute to the desire to conceal one’s opinions. They also note that the Snowden leaks might have altered the way people use social media, since the leaks revealed that citizens’ Internet habits may be monitored by the government.


  1. Mandaro, L. (2014, August 26). Facebook users self-censor on controversial topics. Retrieved from
  2. The spiral of silence theory. (n.d.). Retrieved from

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  • Lucretia


    September 2nd, 2014 at 4:01 AM

    Ha! I find that people on my FB friends list are nore confrontational online than what they would ever be in person. I think that they sometimes don’t realize how hurtful that they are being even though it is online.

  • Bess


    September 2nd, 2014 at 4:00 PM

    I do tend to censor myself a little on social media because you never know who could be reading your updates and posts and how that could come back to negatively impact you say if you are looking for a job or even with potential dates! I don’t lie when I am on there but I do tend to avoid getting involved in some of the nastier threads because it just isn’t worth arguing with people who in reality probably aren’t my real friends anyway.

  • Courtney


    September 3rd, 2014 at 4:06 AM

    If I have to watch what I say on social media sites then that kind of takes all the fun out of it!
    I don’t intentionally say things that are controversial but if I believe them and then someone disagrees with me, then of course I feel like I have to stand up for what I believe to be true.
    I don’t do this to get a rise out of someone, but you can’t post something that you know will spark other conversation and then quietly slink away.

  • Sienna


    September 5th, 2014 at 1:24 PM

    If they are supposed to be the ones avoiding controvery then no one has shared that with my FB friends yet. There are always certain people who seem to want to stir the pot and see how much they can get other people riled up. I do get kind of tired reading all the drama but in some ways it can be kinda funny at times so I say carry on, I will just skip past anything that personally offends me.

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