5 Ways Nature Can Help You Feel Better

person in canoeIt’s no secret more and more of us are becoming addicted to technology. As Richard Louv says in his book The Nature Principle: Reconnecting with Life in a Virtual Age, “What would our lives be like if our days and nights were as immersed in nature as they are in technology?” In an age where everyone has a tablet, smartphone, and/or computer, maybe it’s time we turn our attention back to nature and the roots of human connection to the earth.

Here are five ways nature can lead to a healthier life:

1. Emotional Well-Being

Have you ever taken a walk and felt more relaxed? Perhaps even rejuvenated? Several studies have emerged noting the emotional benefits of spending time in nature. According to Japanese culture, Shinrin-yoku, or “forest bathing,” is essential to a balanced life. This practice, which began in the 1980s, holds that mindful time spent in the forest reduces stress, improves mood, and promotes an “increased flow of energy” (Zammit, 2015).

Several studies have indicated that time spent outdoors reduces symptoms of depression and elevates mood. An astounding 95% of participants in a study from The Mind Organization noted a mood improvement after time spent outdoors. Previously feeling depressed, stressed out and anxious, these participants reported that they felt more relaxed and tranquil.

2. Reconnection

What is it about nature that makes us feel calmer? Martin Jordan, in his book Nature and Therapy, argues it’s about reconnecting to the roots of civilization. It was not until the late 1800s to the early 1900s that the United States became increasingly industrial and urbanized. Jordan argues that this “split” between individuals and nature originates from moving into more populated areas and less involvement with and dependence on farming and agriculture.

In Reconnecting With Nature, Michael J. Cohen argues that many individual and societal issues are a result of our disconnection from the natural world. He cites that focusing on all of your senses when in nature can help an individual feel connected to the environment. This sense of connection leads people to view themselves as a part of a larger system.

3. Physical Benefits

Most people acknowledge that medical technology has increased the human life expectancy (McMichael, 2001). However, did you know that time spent in nature can also lengthen your life? One study found that people who can easily access natural environments have fewer health complications and are, overall, a healthier population (Kaplan, 1995). Trees are essential in urban areas to remove harmful pollution, and natural areas tend to encourage physical activity.

It has also been widely studied and published that regular interaction with nature reduces stress levels, which can in turn reduce one’s heart rate and, some say, possibly cardiovascular disease and the risk of stroke. Being outdoors also promotes healthy levels of vitamin D, which is essential to bone growth and strength. One study even concluded that exposure of outdoor light of nursing home residents can even improve their circadian rhythms and general orientation (Calkins, et. al. 2007).

4. Attention Improvement

Children and adolescents who struggle with attention-deficit hyperactivity seem to especially benefit from walking in and/or interacting with a natural setting. In a 2004 study, parents of children with attention difficulties agreed that “outdoor activities reduced ADHD symptoms more than activities in other settings” (Kuo, 2003).

Adolescents with attentional struggles aren’t the only ones who can benefit. A study in The Journal of Environmental Psychology found that viewing a natural scene for only 40 seconds could reduce mental fatigue and increase productivity in employees.

5. A Natural Healer

Nature can also be a powerful resource when it comes to healing and recovery. One study found that patients who had a view of a courtyard or trees were more likely to heal faster after surgery than those who did not. Not only did these patients recover more rapidly than those who had a view of a brick building, they also required fewer pain medications, suggesting a natural view does indeed have healing and restorative effects (Ulrich, 1984).

In conclusion, it’s clear that interaction with nature has innumerable benefits—both physical and psychological. Next time you reach for your phone, consider taking the dog for a walk in the woods instead. Your health will thank you for it.

References:

  1. Calkins, M., Biddle, S., & Szmerekovsky, J. G. (2007). Effect of Increased Time Spent Outdoors on Individuals with Dementia Residing in Nursing Homes. Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 21(3-4).
  2. Cohen, M. J. (1997). Reconnecting With Nature: Finding wellness through restoring your bond with the Earth. Apple Valley, MN: Ecopress Publications.
  3. Johnson, K. A., Lee, K. E., Sargent, L. D., & Williams, K. J.H. (2015). 40-second green roof views sustain attention: The role of micro-breaks in attention restoration. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 42.
  4. Kuo, F., & Taylor, A. F. (2003). A Potential Natural Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Evidence from a National Study. American Journal of Public Health, 94 (9).
  5. Kaplan, S. (1995) The restorative benefits of nature: toward and integrative framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 169-182.
  6. Louv, R. (2012). The Nature Principle: Reconnecting with Life in a Virtual Age. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill.
  7. McMichael, T. (2001). Human frontiers, environments and disease. Past patterns, uncertain futures. UK University Press, The Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
  8. Mind Organization. (2007). Ecotherapy: The green agenda for mental health. UK: Mind Publications.
  9. Ulrich, R. S. (1984). View through a window may influence recovery from surgery. Science, 224, 420-421.
  10. World Health Organization (2012) in the Sixty-Fifth World Health Assembly. The global burden of mental disorders and the need for a comprehensive, coordinated response from health and social sectors at the country level. Agenda Item 13.2. Geneva, Switzerland.
  11. Zammit, G. (2015, May 24). The Health Benefits of Shinrin-Yoku. Retrieved from http://www.shape.com/lifestyle/mind-and-body/health-benefits-shinrin-yoku

© Copyright 2015 GoodTherapy.org. All rights reserved. Permission to publish granted by Abbie Hausermann, MSW, LICSW, therapist in Dedham, Massachusetts

The preceding article was solely written by the author named above. Any views and opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by GoodTherapy.org. Questions or concerns about the preceding article can be directed to the author or posted as a comment below.

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  • shanda

    shanda

    November 5th, 2015 at 7:38 AM

    There is no way that you could ever discount the physical benefits of getting out into the world and getting off of our phones. I think that it is crazy when you see little kid,s, they don’t whine anymore about wanting to go outside and play, all they ever want to do is get on mom or dad’s phone or tablet! I think that we have a real technology crisis on our hands, not that tech isn’t good but the fact that our kids would rather do this than hang out with friends or go for a bike ride is still sort of foreign to me given my own childhood was the complete opposite of that.

  • Leigh

    Leigh

    November 6th, 2015 at 5:40 AM

    When you finally take that step out of your everyday life and get back to the important things, like being a part of the world around you, there is a calmness that will come over you that cannot nor should not be denied. We spend so much of our time tied up in trivial problems and concerns that we forget that before all else, we need to be at one with nature and at peace with ourselves. I think that having the chance to reconnect and do something meaningful can help you do that and make that re connection that you need, that we all ultimately are seeking.

  • miranda

    miranda

    November 9th, 2015 at 6:30 AM

    I am a big Type A stresser, so when I want to relax a little I just go for a walk.

  • Mary

    Mary

    November 12th, 2015 at 7:09 AM

    So I live in a part of the country where we have had a LOT of rain this fall. With that being said after a while I was really getting pretty down and out because goodness knows you just want to walk outside at times without worrying about a deluge! Since the sun has come out and I have finally been able to get back out some, my mindset has done a total 180. I am happier and life just feels a little more vibrant. So if you ever do, don’t discount the power and the optimism that being able to get outside can bring to your life.

  • Issac G

    Issac G

    November 17th, 2015 at 2:38 AM

    I couldn’t agree more. Reconnecting with nature has huge healing power, not only for the body and mind, but also for the soul. Taking out some alone time, even if it is once a week, can do wonders. And if this alone time is spent away from all our electronic tethers to the world, it offers a wonderful opportunity to find peace, take stock and look ahead. No phone, no ear plugs, no laptops and no TV – just you and nature – just washes away all the stress of everyday living amidst the city chaos. You will find that some time alone with nature will bring perspective to all challenges facing you and give you renewed strength to overcome them.

  • Anna F T

    Anna F T

    February 18th, 2018 at 2:07 PM

    A Critique of the Rigidity of Classifying Nature:
    I am speaking from experience when I say that nature has been the most successful form of therapy in my life. Other forms of therapy helped me escape the various mental blocks I was attaching to, but nature gave a new home to the “new me”. As someone who doesn’t feel a particularly strong attachment to any one place, I always feel a sense of calm, extreme excitement, and bubbling curiosity when amidst nature. It’s an exhilarating confluence. In the modern world, all of nature seems to be tainted by man, which effectively categorizes us as “non-nature”, I find this interesting because, riding the public bus provides me with a similar feeling as being in the park. This makes me question the socially constructed nature of nature; why when we change something is it considered no longer itself? In relation to this post, why is it that we regard nature so separately from our own nature?

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