One in five college women have experienced some form of sexual assault, a survey of 150,000 undergraduates has found. Eleven percent of respondents reported experiencing a rape or attempted rape. Five percent of men reported experiencing some form of sexual assault. The survey—conducted by the American Association of Universities—involved 27 schools, including most of the Ivy League.
Two schools—the California Institute of Technology and Texas A&M University—had lower-than-average rates of sexual assault at 13% and 15% respectively. The majority (15 schools) had sexual assault rates ranging from 19-24%. Ten schools had high rates, ranging from 25-30%. The University of Michigan and University of Southern California had the highest overall rates at 30%.
Rape remains among the most underreported crimes. According to the Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN)—the nation’s largest sexual assault advocacy and prevention organization—just 32 out of every 100 rapes are reported to police. Only 2 out of every 100 people accused of rape serve time in jail.
The survey may shed some light on this phenomenon. Only 25% of respondents reported their rape or attempted rape to authorities, with many believing the assault did not seem serious enough to report. Just 56% of respondents said they believed authorities at their school would protect students who reported sexual misconduct.
Researchers at California State University have discovered that a full bladder might make you a better liar. The phenomenon is due to the “inhibitory spillover effect.” When people need to empty their bladders, they are forced to exercise self-control, and this same self-control can help them more effectively tell a lie.schizophrenia often rely on emergency rooms during mental health crises. Between 2009 and 2011, emergency rooms recorded 382,000 visits from people with schizophrenia. Many of these visits came from people who were homeless and on Medicaid. People with schizophrenia may find it difficult to afford and access mental health care and may not have the resources to advocate for themselves or seek out high-quality care.
A study of 333 middle-aged Australians has uncovered a gene that may alter reactions to life events. Most genes interact with the environment and may be turned on or off by the right environmental stimuli. When people possess a gene called SERT in a variation known as s/s, they may react more poorly to traumatic life events, dealing with more mental health issues. When not exposed to traumatic life events, though, these same people show higher-than-average levels of happiness and good mental health.
Since its opening in 1937, more than 1,700 people have fallen to their deaths from atop the Golden Gate Bridge. Japan’s Aokigahara forest is the world’s second most popular suicide site, with between 10 and 30 people killing themselves in the forest each year for a total of at least 500 deaths since the 1950s. A new analysis of 18 studies suggests taking preventive actions at so-called suicide “hotspots” could reduce the suicide rate. Such methods include signs encouraging people to seek help, increased video surveillance, and safety nets and barriers designed to block the means of suicide.
Combined with other measures, methods that restrict access produced 91% fewer suicides per year and 93% fewer suicides when used alone. Encouraging people to seek help reduced suicide by 51% when used with other methods and by 61% when used alone.
As social media has become increasingly integrated into our lives, maintaining anonymity online has become difficult. The average United Kingdom adult spends about 20 hours a week online. Similar hours have been reported for the United States, with about 30% of that time spent on social media. Data from web searches, social media posts, and other Internet usage trends can often reveal a lot about a person’s personality—even when his or her social media or Internet presence is not a complete representation of who he or she is.
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