When Parents Struggle with Feelings about Adult Children

Adult daughter holds baby on lap, places hand on shoulder of motherIn my psychotherapy practice, I work with many young adults who come into treatment as they recognize that they haven’t developed the necessary emotional tools to succeed as an adult in the world of work and relationships. In the media and in society, I believe that the emphasis on youth frequently leads us to overlook the experience of parents who become increasingly anxious and depressed as they watch their adult children struggle to create satisfying lives.

Parents often come to see me because they are uncomfortable with their feelings about their adult children. Typically, they worry that their children will never be successful or happy, and they are confused about whether they and/or their child are responsible.

Eric was suffering when he came to see me. He felt his 27-year-old daughter, Holly, was ruining her life and it was causing him great pain. In our first session, he seemed tormented as he told me that Holly “lived in a fantasy world.”

“She’s been in one rock band or another since middle school and through college,” Eric related. “She plays guitar and she’s good. But so are a lot of kids. She majored in education, and I thought she’d be a music teacher. But since she graduated college, she hasn’t pursued teaching and says she isn’t interested. She keeps auditioning for bands and sometimes gets a gig, but nothing permanent. My wife and I think she’s depressed. We agreed she could move back home after college, but that was more than four years ago. She makes very little money and barely seems to get by on what she makes playing music. I don’t think she is ever going to grow up. She doesn’t seem very happy. My wife and I keep arguing about whether we should give her an ultimatum that she has to get a real job or we won’t keep supporting her. I don’t know … I just don’t know what to do. I think I’ve become more depressed than Holly.”

Eric’s situation was familiar to me. Many parents are caught between their desires to love, nurture, and protect their children and their fear that their children don’t have the skills, drive, or emotional strength to enter the adult world and figure out who they are and what they want for themselves. More significantly, these parents frequently find it exceptionally difficult to make demands and behave in ways that evoke their own and their children’s bad feelings. Eric was angry with himself and with Holly. His ambitions and hopes for her were mixed with his feelings about himself and the kind of parent he was and had been.

“I always supported Holly’s musical aspirations,” he said. “I took her to lessons, went to her rock performances, let her bands practice in our garage. I loved every minute of it. I suppose I thought that maybe she’d become a professional, maybe even shared her wish that she’d become a rock star. Now I wonder if I lived in a fantasy world also and didn’t give Holly enough of a taste of reality. Maybe I didn’t help her with reality in other ways. She was always so busy with her music and her friends that my wife and I didn’t ask very much of her. We pretty much said yes to almost everything: music camp, expensive instruments, drove her everywhere. She never had to pay for anything, and we’re not rolling in money. We never even gave her chores, which drove my wife crazy and we fought about that. Maybe I just let her off too easy and now I don’t think she can take care of herself. The problem is, I don’t want to take care of my grown-up daughter as if she were still a child. I feel angry at her and I hate myself for feeling this way.

“No matter how I look at it, I’m a lousy father. If I cut her off, I’m not doing what I should and that makes me bad. But I’m already a bad father because It’s my fault that she doesn’t know how to be a grown-up in the world.”

Many parents are caught between their desires to love, nurture, and protect their children and their fear that their children don’t have the skills, drive, or emotional strength to enter the adult world and figure out who they are and what they want for themselves.

After many hours of talking with Eric about his relationship to Holly, we began to understand how he and his wife, Ella, had unwittingly undermined Holly’s ability to make her way in the adult world. As I learned about Eric and the early years with his daughter, a picture of two loving parents who were smitten with their daughter emerged. Both Eric and Ella had been raised in very strict, cold families. Eric told me that he and his wife were drawn to each other when they realized that neither of them was raised with feelings of recognition or appreciation from their parents. Eric remembered talking with Ella about how they would be different and give their children extra attention and make them feel special and perfect. In talking with me about this, Eric wondered aloud.

“Maybe we went too far in the other direction,” he said. “Everything that Holly did we delighted in. We oohed and aahed over everything. The smallest thing—a smile, a scribble, a sound—was enough to get us to be gleeful toward her. We were in love. I suppose we went overboard. We married late. When we realized that we would have only one child, we got even more enthusiastic and involved with Holly. We scheduled any activity she asked for; we tried to nurture all her interests and pretty much praised everything she did and made no demands. Now I’m always so irritable with her. I feel critical, but I don’t want her to know. I don’t want to upset her. It’s awful.”

It became clear that Eric and his wife had never set limits for Holly and that they hadn’t helped her develop a sense of herself that was realistic—i.e., that had both positive and negative aspects. I suggested a hypothesis to Eric: “I think it’s likely that if Holly only received praise, she knew, if only unconsciously, that she wasn’t so completely and totally fantastic. If she couldn’t believe that she was so terrific, it would have been difficult to develop a balanced view of her strengths and weaknesses. If Holly couldn’t trust the good stuff, she probably had a great deal of uncertainty about her abilities. She even might have leaned toward thinking more negatively about herself. I think it is very likely that she is quite anxious about whether she has what it takes to make it in the adult world.”

I asked Eric what he thought of my hypothesis. After some silence, he replied: “Yes, you have put into words what I haven’t been able to put together. It hurts, but it’s a relief to feel that this all makes sense and maybe now we can figure out how to make things better for all of us.”

While my hypothesis made sense to Eric and he wanted to find more productive ways to relate to Holly, he found it very difficult to change his behavior toward her. He agreed there would have to be limit setting, but he could not get comfortable with what limits and how to implement them. For example, he thought it would be a good idea to ask Holly to start paying some rent (his wife agreed). But he obsessed about how much, when to begin, and how to bring it up. As we explored his difficulties, some of his resistances became clear.

“I know I should ask for rent, but I’m sure Holly will think I’m mean. I hate that she’ll feel like I’m not supporting her musical aspirations. I don’t want to make it more difficult for her to pursue her music career.”

Eric and I spent many sessions exploring his conflicts. He had to come to terms with his feelings of meanness and get to a place where, even if it didn’t feel good to him, he could believe that setting limits was helping his daughter by giving her the opportunity to see that she could take care of herself and succeed in the world. Some of the questions I asked Eric to consider were: What is it like for you if Holly thinks you’re mean? Do you think you’re mean? What would you have to tolerate if Holly did think you were mean? Eric also had to reconsider what actually was and wasn’t supportive of Holly’s music career. I asked: “How do you conclude that asking for rent means you’re not supporting her career? Can you consider that (even if she didn’t like it) paying rent could help Holly see herself as able to take care of herself and might give her the confidence she needs to make it in the very competitive world of music?”

Eric is wrestling with these and many other questions. He and his wife decided to give Holly three months notice to begin to pay rent. As expected, Holly was angry and hurt. She cried and accused her father of not thinking she had what it takes to be a musician. Eric stood his ground (although he reported that he felt like a bad father). He is also working on being aware of his gushing about anything his daughter tells him. He is trying to be more honest with Holly when she acts entitled or does something irritating.

Eric and I continue to work on the difficult feelings that emerge as he asks Holly to be a responsible adult. He is increasingly able to appreciate that this is having a positive effect on Holly. She is paying rent and is talking about substitute teaching. At the same time, she has formed a new band and is writing more music. Without withdrawing all of his involvement, Eric is trying to let Holly become her own cheerleader. The more he sees her taking charge of her life, the better he feels about his limit setting and the more able he is to set limits. This should lay the groundwork for Holly to become more of an adult and for Eric to feel like a “good enough” father.

Note: To protect privacy, names in the preceding article have been changed and the dialogues described are a composite.

© Copyright 2015 GoodTherapy.org. All rights reserved. Permission to publish granted by Beverly Amsel, PhD, Individuation Topic Expert Contributor

The preceding article was solely written by the author named above. Any views and opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by GoodTherapy.org. Questions or concerns about the preceding article can be directed to the author or posted as a comment below.

  • Leave a Comment
  • Gabrielle

    July 14th, 2015 at 9:41 AM

    You do feel guilty but you have to maintain your adult life too

  • baylor

    July 14th, 2015 at 4:10 PM

    Struggling with these kinds of feelings does not make you a bad parent; it simply makes you human. We all have people in our lives that we struggle with our emotions about, be it our parents, our kids, our friends, our bosses… the list goes on and on. You should not feel bad if you are having issues with your children, but I do think that it is both of your responsibility to confront those problems and not allow them to under mine everything good about the family.

  • Darrell

    July 15th, 2015 at 8:00 AM

    You have all of these hopes and dreams for your children and naturally when these things do not pan out then you are bound to worry about them. That is only human nature, I think that we will worry about our kids no matter how old they get.

  • barb

    July 16th, 2015 at 8:47 AM

    There will come a time when you will have to turn the children loose and let them learn to fly on their own.

    Hard choice, but has to be done

    And you as a parent shouldn’t feel guilty about eventually having to do that

  • ron

    July 16th, 2015 at 3:54 PM

    I have felt those feelings of disappointment that I know my parents had in me growing up and I have kept those with me my whole life. I have never really felt like I lived up to their expectations and there is always this sense that they are disappointed in me no matter what I do or accomplish. I think that for the most part I have come to accept that this is how they feel about me but I think that in so many ways their feelings about me is what has kept me from getting too close to them over the years. I think that we have grown farther apart and I am pretty sure that this is from me just trying to protect myself from getting hurt.

  • Frances

    July 17th, 2015 at 11:00 AM

    If you do not ever learn to let go then how will you ever know just how prepared they are to fly?

  • reed

    July 18th, 2015 at 8:33 AM

    I do not have kids of my own yet but I look back at all of the time and money that my parents invested in letting me and my brother do the things that we wanted to do and try, It boggles the mind just how much they had to give up to make sure that we always got what we needed and wanted. I am sure that there are many other parents who have done the same for their children, and after a while the lines start to blur between what you dreams are and what the child’s dreams and aspirations are. I think that this is why so many parents start to have problems because they have a hard time letting go of what was not really theirs to begin with.

  • Maisy

    July 20th, 2015 at 10:39 AM

    I don’t think that it was until I bought my first home and moved away from home that my parents actually began to see me as an adult. I think that they wanted to see me succeed but I think that at the same time they were scared for me. I am so glad that they taught me to do things on my own and to stand up for myself and I only hope to continue to make them more and more proud as they let me figure out where I am going in life.

  • slater

    July 21st, 2015 at 5:09 PM

    Your kids will always be your kids and you will feel right along with them no matter how old they get.

  • mommy_dearest

    April 27th, 2017 at 8:22 AM

    My daughter left as soon as she turned 18. She never liked rules or being told what to do.She went wild, sleeping around, drinking, drugs , for years, Then she met a guy decided she wanted to have kids at age 22, got pregnant with twins, he left her for other girls while she moved back home with me. We (me, husband and 17 yr old son) took care of her and 34 week preemies. I year later, she’s moved out, no longer thinks she needs us and is starting fights, saying nasty things, stole some things of my sons and my husband is going to press charges. I fear I will never see my beautiful grandbabies again. I have helped raise them and I miss them so, but she uses them against us and it has to stop. It just hurts so bad

  • Dad

    November 21st, 2018 at 7:34 AM

    I have three adult kids. My youngest was perfect in college, summa cum laude 3.98, with a Masters, passed her CPA exams on the first try. She’s
    left us, moved to California with her longtime boyfriend who wants to be a PhD, Dr. She now hates her job, and her profession, with a Big4 accounting firm. She’s so sad. It hurts to see. Her response to any suggestion is very negative. She says she wants to be a dentist. We’re 60 and have put three kids through school. I blame myself somewhat, having been involved in early college decisions, although she was fiercely independent in her later decisions. She doesn’t listen to any suggestions to making moves my wife or I would make, maneuvering within the company, to a different job, etc.
    She’s just so sad. Not being engaged after 6 yrs while the bf continues his never ending education has to be an unspoken part of this.
    My middle boy is a train wreck. Numerous issues in college, broken hearted emotional wreck, turned to drugs, arrested twice, messed up his probation, we pulled the plug after 7 years. He’s home with us, working construction,a job our oldest got him, he’s doing better, drug free, holding down a job, but he’s so financially inept, spends every paycheck, has to borrow money for gas to get to work. If we don’t pay it, he’ll get fired. He’s quite manipulative.
    My oldest is an engineer, working construction projects throughout the country. He’s doing well. Although he’s working too much, not taking care of himself, and becoming a little too crude and rough, affected by his construction worker environment
    My wife and I out so much effort into raising our kids. Always home on time, family over careers, good balance. I coached everything, my wife involved in cheerleading, scouts etc. We were good parents, we turned down promotions so we didn’t move, etc.

    It hurts to see them not turning out better, it’s hard not to blame ourselves, although my wife has a more mature view of it all, “part of life, they’ll work it out, life’s a journey, we went through it, etc”.
    It’s hard to talk to friends about it, as their kids seem to be doing much better. Our middle is the only college drop out of his friends, our friends and neighbors.
    Their sadness, struggles coupled with 80+ parents with failing health is really affecting me. I have my own 60ish issues, what to do in eventual retirement, etc.
    The once bright future for my family, now seems overwhelmingly gloomy grey. I’m not sure I’m up for all of this.

  • RL

    March 11th, 2019 at 5:09 PM

    I find it so difficult when parenting in a divorced family. I try to be a realist, to set limits, to expect my 22 year old adult daughter to be an adult, but she has a father who has a lot of money, she now lives there, as an adult, pays no bills or rent and after dropping out of university, works a couple of shifts as a waitress and the rest of the time sitting on a beach doing nothing. It is heartbreaking. Now I’m apparently the “bad parent” for not agreeing with everything she says, and praising her for basically mooching. Her father is just happy and sees her living with him as “winning” to have her move away from me (we live in different states) and live with him. Im wondering if he will be so smug when she is 40 and he still has to support her.

  • Maureen

    December 2nd, 2019 at 10:55 AM

    Helpful reading all of these comments. I feel that I am not alone. My husband and I are in a similar situation w/adult children. So hard at times.

  • Beatrice

    December 19th, 2019 at 8:13 AM

    I like this article. It helped me sort through my own conflicted feeling about my own son, now in his early thirties with a possible mental health issue that he is not seeking treatment for. He still lives with us, his Mom & Dad, and has no source of income. I have gone over every second, minute, hour, day, month and year trying to figure out what I did wrong. But his sister, on the other hand, is quite independent, responsible, ambitious and married a like-minded person. They seem to be having a very good adult life. If both my kids were like her I would have thought that we were the most fantastic parents in the world. If I only had my son, who I love with all my heart, then I would have thought we had been the absolute worst parents. I think there is more to their problems than just parenting mistakes. If we were so bad they’d run far away, early on. Like I did. I think peers play a huge role in screwing our kids up, also. As well as popular culture-the images and misguided notions of success and adulthood. Not to mention the personality someone is born with, and their inherent tendencies. I still worry that I did some things wrong, and maybe continue to enable him when I should not. But if you talk with people who are now successful, responsible, money-making adults, and learn about their upbringing, you often discover that they have come from much more difficult childhoods than your own child had to endure. So, it’s not all the parent’s fault. We can only do the best we can. I still don’t have an answer for parents like me who have a dependent adult child. It’s expensive, exhausting and worrisome. I now have high blood pressure and have put on weight because of the stress. I worry when I die he will end up on the street, and never learn to care properly for himself.

  • Lorna

    February 7th, 2020 at 11:38 PM

    I don’t even know where to begin. My youngest child is 37 years old. My husband and I raised her first child because she had her at 16, then got into drugs and eventually went to prison. During that time she had two sons. We got guardianship then. My daughter is selfish, has no job, refuses to take responsibility for the boys. She’s a professional mooch to be honest. She uses anyone for what she wants, even talked her 16 year old into buying her vape products for over $100. I am exhausted. My husband retired a year ago, and I’m hanging on by a thread with my job due to health issues. I want to retire, but we can’t afford it because we continue to let her use us financially. We have tried talking to her to no avail, she blows up at any suggestion at taking care of herself. I’m so very depressed, and have been sick for a month. I can’t get over this illness even after doctor and meds. I feel guilty for wanting her to take responsibility for her kids so I can get well and retire. She’s not a good mother at all. The youngest child is only 11. I don’t think it’s fair to us to keep doing this, but I don’t know what to do.

  • Sally

    February 21st, 2021 at 12:55 AM

    Just this short article has been helpful, as has reading people’s comments. I don’t have massive cause for fretting about my 2 who are in their late 20s, but neither are fully settled and secure yet, and with the pandemic effect on the economy I can feel so scared for them. They could always come home and live with me, but they have their own desired paths and would feel they had failed. I have to try so hard to avoid the ‘What if..’ line of thinking, I know its futile but I don’t always succeed. I’m grateful that I have wonderful honest relationships with them both. I hope all you parents who’ve already commented are having a better time of it; it’s obvious that you all care deeply or you wouldn’t have come to this page. Peace.

  • Arlene

    July 7th, 2021 at 1:45 PM

    I would like to reply but I don’t know how to

  • Lori

    February 12th, 2022 at 11:02 PM

    My 22 yr old daughter seems to feel nothing for me. Recently she said some very hurtful to me which brought me to tears. She then said to me coldly “what r u crying about? Idk y u r so upset!” At times when her dad and I were seriously ill, hospitalized even, she never showed any concern, not even a phone call..total disinterest, no sympathy whatsoever, total disregard. That’s actually how she is in general. We are not horrible abusive parents; she’s always known we love her. It doesn’t seem normal.

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