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Sexual Assaults Increase When College Women Study Abroad

 

One of the most liberating and exciting experiences for a young adult is the opportunity to travel to a foreign country. College students who study abroad often do so for one or two semesters, providing ample time to enrich their lives in long-lasting and meaningful ways. Although there are many differences between studying abroad and studying in one’s own country, there are also some similarities. For women, the risk of sexual assault increases dramatically during their first few years of college. But it is unclear whether this risk persists when these young women study abroad.

Universities and colleges encourage students to explore every avenue of education, including foreign programs, despite the fact language and culture may present barriers for adjustment and security. Matthew Kimble of the Department of Psychology at Middlebury College in Vermont wanted to see if sexual assault risk was increased in women choosing to study abroad. Kimble surveyed 218 female college students and asked them about any nonconsensual sexual experiences, including touching, attempted assault, and rape. He compared the responses of the women who studied abroad to those who studied domestically and found a significant increase in risk for women in foreign education programs.

Specifically, Kimble found that the women who studied abroad were four times more likely to be victims of unwanted sexual contact than those who remained in the United States. Sexual assault attempts were more than three times higher in women studying abroad, and completed assaults were five times more likely in women who studied abroad compared to those who did not. The results also revealed that unlike assaults on domestic campuses, which are primarily perpetrated by students, the assaults and attempted assaults abroad were mostly committed by nonstudent local citizens. These findings show that young women are at significantly higher risk for sexual assault when they pursue their education abroad than they are if they stay in the U.S.

Some factors that could lead to this are cultural differences, weak social networks, and access to substances to alcohol and drugs through legal channels. Although they were not explored in this study, these factors should be examined more closely in future work. Kimble also believes that not knowing where to turn in emergencies could decrease the likelihood of getting help when and if these events occur, and increase the risk for mental health problems resulting from the trauma, such as posttraumatic stress. “For some students overseas, social support may be reduced and ongoing life stress relatively high,” Kimble said. “Women who are assaulted while abroad, therefore, may be at particular risk for subsequent impairment.” He added that these findings underscore the importance of preparing women for the risks they face before they travel abroad and ensuring that foreign educational programs are able to meet the needs of these women in crisis situations.

Reference:
Kimble, M., Flack, W. F., Jr., Burbridge, E. (2012). Study abroad increases risk for sexual assault in female undergraduates: A preliminary report. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0029608

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Comments
  • Sean December 11th, 2012 at 5:21 PM #1

    Whoa, this is a very scarey reality for college age women. This is such a wonderful opportunity for them and yet there they are being placed in very real danger situations. would have to think twice about doing a study abroad program if I was looking at stats like this andI think that there are a lot of parents who will now be very hesitant to allow their young daughters to go on travel trips like this.

  • Betsy M December 12th, 2012 at 3:56 AM #2

    You hear a lot of stories like this, but in my study abroad experience I was overwhelmed by the nice and helpful people that I met and who did everything that they could to help me have a wonderful work and study experience.

    I am not sure that it is the actual fact of going overseas or if just a lot of young women soemhow let their gurad down when they travel but I did witness a lot of friends even making stupid choices and decisions while over there, something that I did not personally do.

    I was so careful all the time just because I know that internationally sometimes others do not have the best view of Americans and I tried at all time to remain well aware of that.

  • ANNE December 13th, 2012 at 12:37 AM #3

    Cultural differences including prejudice against foreign students may be a reason.Also,the lack of a support system makes you much vulnerable.And I am too afraid to ask about the trauma that these women go through after such an assault in a foreign land…must be so difficult!

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