Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of therapy in which the client and therapist form a trusted relationship in order to address and dissect issues causing the client distress. Both therapist and client work together to discover the most pervasive issue and begin addressing that issue first. Cognitive behavioral therapy uses a practical approach in which the therapist helps the client understand the relationship between beliefs, feelings, and thoughts and the effect these have on behavior patterns and actions. The client learns that his or her perception will directly affect his or her reaction to certain conditions and circumstance and that this thought process is at the root of his or her behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy was developed by Albert Ellis, Aaron Beck, Maxie Maultsby, Michael Mahoney, Donald Meichenbaum, David Burns, Michael Mahoney, Marsha Linehan, Arthur Freeman, and others.
CBT encompasses many different therapeutic approaches to create a flexible technique. In CBT, clients are guided through their emotions using various tools. Therapists may employ techniques such as journaling, challenging beliefs, mindfulness, or relaxation, and others utilize social, physical, and thinking exercises as a method for helping the client gain awareness into their emotional and behavioral patterns. Most people who receive this type of therapy usually do so for several months in sessions that last an hour at a time.
The process of transformation is rarely fully recognized immediately. Clients learn how to replace negative thoughts and destructive behaviors with beneficial images, beliefs, and actions that will facilitate recovery. Clinicians often use CBT for the treatment of many mood issues in conjunction with mood-stabilizing medications. CBT is founded on the premise that our cognition, how we think of something, affects how we feel and how we act. Thus, CBT address the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of a client.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a widely used form of treatment for many psychological issues. Clients with autism or Asperger’s syndrome can also benefit greatly from the techniques used in CBT, such as play therapy or music therapy. Allowing a client to use various forms of expression offers these unique individuals ample opportunity to communicate their emotions. Many people with autism and Asperger’s also experience mood problems, and through CBT, can learn strategies for managing their symptoms in order to function more productively.
For people with autism or Asperger’s, extreme and erratic behaviors can be explored with CBT. Identifying the cognitive root of the emotion allows a client to understand why they engage in a particular behavior. Books and scrapbooks have proven to be highly effective tools for people with autism and Asperger’s. By recording emotions and feelings, a client can gain new perspective and begin to develop healthier responses. Uncomfortable and distracting sounds, textures and scents can be addressed through CBT as well, and working together, a client and therapist can reconstruct distorted beliefs related to previously disturbing sensations, and transform them into healthier, more realistic perceptions.
Last updated: 11-21-2014
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Articles