Psychodrama, developed by Jacob L. Moreno, strives to explore a client’s individual issues through the use of dramatic activities. By implementing group dynamics, role playing, and various other experiential techniques, this form of therapy offers a client the ability to gain a better perspective on their inner emotional experiences and conflicts. Psychodrama helps a client develop emotional and physical well-being and builds and strengthens the cognitive, behavioral and affective skills through active movement. This type of therapy can be applied in group or individual settings and focuses on helping a client achieve maximum personal enlightenment and healing.
The primary goal of psychodrama is to increase the impulsivity of our own emotions in a highly organized, yet creative and productive manner. It is intended to give an open forum for the discovery and exploration of internal and external conflicts and dysfunctions through dramatic play. Most sessions will last for up to two hours and revolve around the primary character, the protagonist. By engaging other characters, the protagonist can learn a great deal about their own interpersonal skills and formulate the proper techniques to construct positive and effective behavioral changes. This method of therapy challenges the client, and all of the characters involved, in a new and exciting way that expands their boundaries of experience.
In this form of therapy, clients will often play out multiple scenarios that depict specific life events, fantasies, dreams, or mental states. These dramatic presentations represent a client’s perception of a situation or are creations of their emotional processing mechanism. The therapist may encourage the client to take on other roles or assign identities to objects to expand the scene. Psychodrama is a very effective tool when applied in a group setting. When psychodrama is conducted in front of an audience, the participation is sensory and reactive. The protagonist may even invite the audience to participate further through verbal or physical actions, therefore creating a larger field through which the therapeutic process can exist.
Last updated: 05-02-2014