Study Linking Cell Phones to Cancer May Contain Errors

A woman talking on a cell phone outsideLast week, media outlets reported on a study linking cell phone use to brain and heart cancer in rats and mice. But now, some analysts argue the data is misleading, and panic about cell phone use may be premature.

Research Links Cell Phone Use to Brain Cancer

For the study, researchers from the National Toxicology program exposed more than 2,000 mice and rats to wireless frequencies similar to those associated with cell phone use. Batches of 90 rats underwent full-body exposure to 900MHz of two types of wireless signals. Mice underwent the same protocols, but at frequencies of 1900MHz. The rodents endured a total of nine hours a day of such exposure, seven days a week, in increments of 10 minutes.

After two years, researchers compared rats and mice exposed to wireless frequencies to controls. They found a “low incidence” of brain and heart cancers among male rats. Female rats did not experience any increase. The researchers have not yet released data on the mice, so it is unclear how or whether they were affected by the radiation.

The Connection Between Brain Cancer and Cell Phones

Although it can be frightening to think wireless signals induced cancer in any rats, the study is increasingly the subject of scientific criticism. The report is preliminary in nature, which means it has not yet been subject to rigorous peer reviews. Peer review is a hallmark of sound scientific inquiry.

There may also have been problems with experimental controls. Sprague Dawley rats—the breed used in the study—have a higher than average risk of heart and brain cancers. Although none of the control rats had these cancers, they died early. The study does not explain why rats exposed to cell phone radiation lived longer than their counterparts. Critics say if the control rats had lived longer, they might have developed cancer, eliminating the small difference in cancer rates between the two groups.

Researchers are also unsure why male rats developed cancer but females did not. Because the rats were exposed to larger quantities of cell phone radiation than most humans, even the data on male rats could be irrelevant to people.

Does Cell Phone Use Cause Cancer?

The connection between cancer and cell phone use remains unclear. A handful of studies have found no correlation, and a recent Australian study found no significant increase in cancer since the widespread use of cell phones. Scientists say further research is necessary to determine what effects cell phones may have on health.

References:

  1. Chapman, S., Azizi, L., Luo, Q., & Sitas, F. (2016). Has the incidence of brain cancer risen in Australia since the introduction of mobile phones 29 years ago? Cancer Epidemiology. doi:10.1016/j.canep.2016.04.010
  2. Kubota, T. (20106, May 31). New report doesn’t prove cellphones cause cancer. Retrieved from http://www.livescience.com/54934-cellphones-radiation-cancer-questions.html
  3. Mole, B. (2016, May 31). Study that found cell phones cause cancer in rats is riddled with red flags. Retrieved from http://arstechnica.com/science/2016/05/study-that-found-cell-phones-cause-cancer-in-rats-is-riddled-with-red-flags/
  4. Wyde, M., Cesta, M., Blystone, C., Elmore, S., Foster, P., Hooth, M., . . . Bucher, J. (2016). Report of partial findings from the National Toxicology program carcinogenesis studies of cell phone radiofrequency radiation in Hsd: Sprague Dawley® SD rats (whole body exposure). BioRxiv. doi:10.1101/055699

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  • Marley

    Marley

    June 7th, 2016 at 6:00 PM

    The way I see it is that eventually we are all gonna die, some from this and some from that. We don’t have much control over it. Live life to the fullest, do the things that you most enjoy doing and hey, when it’s your time, you don’t have any regrets.

  • joshua

    joshua

    June 8th, 2016 at 9:40 AM

    We can’t have errors with this. I think that there needs to be more research done so that we can have legitimately reliable information. Think about all of the people all over the world who use cell phones on a regular basis. This impacts millions of people a day. Let’s get moving on this.

  • Isaac

    Isaac

    June 8th, 2016 at 3:28 PM

    All of this technology in the whole scheme of things is so new, I just wonder how you can specifically point to this as being the cause of cancer? I mean there could be other environmental things that cropped up all aorund the same time so how can you point to this one thing and say definitively that this is the cause?
    You also have to know that every study out there is going to contain some flaw or another, so these things have to take time and be done right before we can know for sure if the study is accurate and worthy of so much concern.

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