Effects of Antidepressants on Pregnancy, and Other News

Baby held by motherA new study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry suggests the children of mothers who took selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)—a common antidepressant—during pregnancy are more than four times as likely to be depressed by age 15.

The study comes in the wake of an ongoing debate about the later effects of antidepressant use during pregnancy. In 2015, another study found a small increase in the risk of autism among children whose mothers took antidepressants during pregnancy. Further research found no increase in the risk of either autism or attention deficit hyperactivity with maternal antidepressant use.

Some evidence suggests depression itself is a risk factor for autism and other issues. It can also interfere with maternal bonding and undermine the health of the pregnancy.

As doctors continue to weigh the risks and benefits of antidepressant use during pregnancy, pregnant women may struggle to make healthy decisions for themselves and their babies. A Washington Post piece published this week chronicles this struggle in a woman who opted for antidepressants to cope with prenatal depression.

PayPal Pulls North Carolina Plan After Transgender Bathroom Law

Last month, North Carolina enacted a bathroom law that many activists have called discriminatory. The law requires people to use the public restrooms that accord with their birth certificate, not their gender identity. As a result, transgender people who have begun their transition, those who do not have a gender identity, and people who visibly appear to be the sex with which they identity, may be forced to use a bathroom that feels unsafe to them. PayPal Holdings Inc. canceled its plans to invest $3.6 million into a global operations center in the state, citing concerns about the new law.

For Young People with Schizophrenia, Physical and Mental Exercises Offer Hope

According to a new study presented at the Schizophrenia International Research Society, cognitive and physical exercises can reduce symptoms of the condition when these exercises are paired with antipsychotic drugs. People with schizophrenia who exercised regularly or who participated in regular cognitive training performed better on a test of cognitive skills.

Suicidal Thinking Affects ‘Significant Minority’ of U.S. Veterans

Fourteen percent of veterans reported experiencing suicidal thoughts over a two-week period at least once during a two-year study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders. Just 35% of those who reported suicidal thoughts in 2013 had received mental health treatment.

Treating Sugar Addiction Like Drug Abuse: QUT Leads World-First Study

Drugs used to treat addictions to nicotine and other substances might effectively treat sugar addiction, according to a study published in PLOS ONE. Like some other drugs, sugar can elevate dopamine levels. Some animal studies also suggest high sugar consumption is linked to neurological and psychological issues. According to the study’s authors, drugs already approved by the FDA, such as varenicline, might treat sugar addiction.

How to Recognize and Deal with Bullying at Work

Workplace bullying can lead to depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress, but it is still poorly understood. Bullying victims may face blame for their victimization, including the assumption that they are weak—even when research suggests intelligent, well-liked workers are often bullied. Bullying may include needless criticism, making it impossible to correctly do the job, gossip and rumors, belittling or sabotaging work, and other attempts to undermine confidence and performance. Bullying victims can seek help from mental health providers and may also find assistance from a human resources department. Documenting the bullying can also be helpful, particularly when bullying victims plan to file formal complaints.

Report Recommends Ways to Break Cycle of Domestic Violence

Several social and institutional factors—including criminal justice responses, self-esteem issues, and fear—inhibit the ability of domestic violence survivors to leave their abusers. Domestic violence courts and other community-based measures could aid the 1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men who face abusive relationships. Research suggests the criminal justice system’s response may be the biggest factor inhibiting the ability of victims to leave. Victim service centers may reduce some of these barriers by providing survivors with safe options as they pursue long-term solutions.

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  • jerry

    jerry

    April 8th, 2016 at 10:23 AM

    From a social standpoint I think that I am glad that PayPal pulled away from the new expansion into NC. But on the downside I know that their economy probably could have benefited form that investment so I struggle with knowing that that won’t happen for them now. Oh well I guess that those are the tough choices that have to be made.

  • Michelle D

    Michelle D

    April 9th, 2016 at 12:34 PM

    I would love to find a medical provider who could work with me on my own sugar addiction. I know that for me this is like a drug addiction and no matter how well I do for a day or two then I always fall back into my old ways, most of the time worse than I did before.

  • eva

    eva

    April 9th, 2016 at 4:44 PM

    How sad that this many good men and women who have served this country faithfully and honorably have to now know that so many of them struggle with thoughts of suicide. They have give so much to the rest of us and then this is what they are forced to deal with once they come home. Surely they deserve more than being forced to live with thoughts like this

  • Brian

    Brian

    April 11th, 2016 at 12:31 PM

    Can you even imagine being so young and receiving a diagnosis like schizophrenia? I mean, how devastating would that be?? I am glad that there are maybe some things that can be done that will possibly help ward off some of the worst of the disease for a while.

  • annie

    annie

    April 11th, 2016 at 3:51 PM

    There are many ways to break the violence cycle but most, no all, of them require that you leave the relationship and there are still many men and women who are either unwilling or unable to do that.

  • FrAnK

    FrAnK

    April 12th, 2016 at 10:37 AM

    And wouldn’t you think that people would grow up and past these bullying tendencies after leaving the play grounds of elementary and middle school? smh I don’t get it

  • adler

    adler

    April 13th, 2016 at 11:46 AM

    I have only heard things about business pulling out of NC and concerts being cancelled… but what about the other states like Mississippi that are passing the same sorts of laws. I am wondering if they are feeling the same kind of economic effects that NC is.

  • Drew

    Drew

    April 14th, 2016 at 1:58 PM

    but with the meds for depression how do you know if it would be the drugs causing this rate of depression in the kids or could it be that genetically there is a propensity for depression that runs in the family?

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