Anxiety, Anger, and Emotional Intelligence

Stressed business woman holding oversized report and calculatorThe reaction of your body to anger is very similar to the reaction of your body to fear. They are both reactions of the fight or flight part of the brain. This creates confusion for some people; you can be reacting in anger but interpret it as anxiety since your body is reacting with many of the same symptoms: sweating, trembling, tense muscles.

Anger is a powerful and difficult emotion for people who have not yet learned anger-management skills. Some people do not feel their angry feelings because they were taught that it wasn’t nice to get angry. Or perhaps they grew up afraid of someone’s anger or rage and decided to repress their own. Others get angry very easily and often. Sometimes feeling angry replaces other feelings such as fear or sadness – more vulnerable emotions.

Marci is a thirty-two year old woman with two small children. She grew up in a home where her mother was dominated by an angry and volatile husband. Marci and her mother were often afraid of triggering his anger and learned how to be quiet and submissive. Her own anger scared her because it reminded her of her father’s temper. Now when she feels annoyed with one of her children she doesn’t experience annoyance; instead she experiences bodily symptoms that she interprets to be anxiety and fears that a panic attack may follow. Marci needed to learn to let herself feel her annoyance or anger and respond in a way that is appropriate to the situation. She did this by separating herself from her child for a short time, taking a few deep breaths, and asking herself what she was really feeling. It didn’t take long for her to realize it was anger and not anxiety or panic.

Mark is a forty year old man whose relationships with his family and colleagues were often marked with tension. He would get irritable and short-tempered in situations where that response wasn’t warranted. Growing up as the eldest son in a family with three younger siblings, Mark was given lots of responsibilities around the house. His father died when he was fifteen years old and his mother needed help in caring for his siblings and running the household. There wasn’t time for him to feel the grief of the loss of his father and the new burdens this created for him. He was now the “man of the family” and had to suppress his feelings and needs. As an adult, the obligations of his life often felt like burdens to him and he was sullen and irritable a good part of the time. Mark was afraid to let himself feel what was going on inside him–the fear and grief created by his father’s death. In therapy, as he got in touch with these feelings, his anxiety would rise. For Mark the frequent anger was a defense against these deeply held emotions.

If you identify with either of these dynamics it would be helpful to learn what is now called “emotional intelligence”. Whether you are often anxious or angry, first calm yourself in a manner that works for you and then ask yourself what may be going on deeper inside of yourself.

© Copyright 2010 by By Evelyn Goodman, Psy.D, LMFT, therapist in Culver City, California. All Rights Reserved. Permission to publish granted to GoodTherapy.org.

The preceding article was solely written by the author named above. Any views and opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by GoodTherapy.org. Questions or concerns about the preceding article can be directed to the author or posted as a comment below.

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  • Irene

    Irene

    February 23rd, 2010 at 5:38 AM

    Do you think that in some ways the anxiety is a mask to cover the anger?

  • ANNE

    ANNE

    February 23rd, 2010 at 12:27 PM

    In both the situations our body responds through its defensive outlets.All the defensive traits like heavy breathing, sweating and other things start to occur.This is because in both the scenarios,there is something that is unfavorable to the person.

  • Madeleine

    Madeleine

    February 23rd, 2010 at 1:07 PM

    When I am anxious I automatically feel more stressed so no surprise that these two things seem to go hand in hand. I always feel that same sense of helplessness when I am in either state and it makes it difficult to deal with the situation at hand.

  • yolanda

    yolanda

    February 24th, 2010 at 9:31 AM

    So what needs to be taught first, the anger management skills or stress reducing mechanisms? It’s like a chicken versus egg thing. For me,it’s help people learn to control that anger in a better way and that should help to resolve some of their anxiety issues.

  • a dupree

    a dupree

    February 24th, 2010 at 3:54 PM

    in both the cases we are unable to do trhings right and cannot comprehend things properly.each one of us needs to learn to deal with anger as well as anxiety in a way to control ourselves when we are in such conditions and to save ourselves and the ones around us from any hurt,physical or mental.

  • Evelyn Goodman

    Evelyn Goodman

    February 24th, 2010 at 5:47 PM

    Irene, Yes, sometimes anger is a defense to not feel fear and it works the other way around also, though not in the same person.
    Yolanda, We work on the problem that is most apparent. If someone comes for help for an anxiety disorder we focus on that. If someone has a problem with managing their anger or rage and it’s creating difficulty in some area(s) of their life then we work with that issue.

    One thing stands in common to the treatment of both and that is learning how to calm onesself so it doesn’t escalate.

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