Neurofeedback was Developed by: Hans Berger, G. Dietsch, Joe Kamiya, Elmer Green, Martin Orne, James Hardt, Barbara Brown, Barry Sterman, Joel Lubar, D. A. Quirk

Overview of Neurofeedback: Neurofeedback is a system of providing a client feedback in real time methods in order to facilitate change in functioning. The activity of the brain is examined and rewarded for any positive pattern corrections it makes. Any area of brain activity that can be gauged can benefit from this technique, although results are seen gradually. The basis for this system is called EEG Biofeedback, electrical brain activity, or the electroencephalogram. The process of neurofeedback entails supplying the brain with feedback of its own activity in order to create self-regulation. This entire process serves to improve the overall functionality of the brain.

A typical Neurofeedback session will begin with an assessment that lasts roughly 90 minutes. The client will receive their first EEG reading and be asked to fill out a questionnaire that provides insight into the conditions that brought them to treatment. If the clinician feels there is a necessity for a full EEG, it will be administered at that time and will provide the clinician with a brain map. This map shows the clinician how much activity is present in various areas of the brain. The activity is measured through sensors that are placed on different spots on the client’s head. Feedback is received through a variety of mediums, including video, audio, imagery, and motion. These different outlets each provide unique and distinct information relating to the activity level of the brain at that specific moment. Most clients will undergo a minimum of 20 sessions. The sessions all begin with an assessment of the client's mental and physical condition presently and leading up to the session.

Through Neurofeedback, a client is actually able to manipulate their brainwaves. Those suffering with disabilities that directly affect brain activity can benefit greatly from this type of therapy. In addition, Neurofeedback has been shown to significantly improve conditions of mood, including anxiety, depression, conduct disorder, ADHD, sleep disorders, learning disabilities, and other cognitive impairments that developed as a result of aging or injury. Neurofeedback can also alleviate stress, nausea, and pain and is often used in clients with cancer and other chronic illnesses.

Resources Related to Neurofeedback:

Neurofeedback Therapy

Neuro Development Center

EEG Spectrum International

EEG Information


Wikipedia's Page about Neurofeedback


Last updated: 07-02-2015

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