Is Violence a Symptom of ADHD?October 15, 2013 • Contributed by Jen Wilson, GoodTherapy.org Correspondent
Attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) is characterized by cognitive disorganization, low attention, and impaired focus. Among the many symptoms and behaviors associated with ADHD are excess energy and externalizing behavior. Research has shown that as children with ADHD mature, their symptoms often decrease.
However, some children also exhibit signs of conduct disorder and personality problems, which exacerbate and perpetuate symptoms. This combination of psychological conditions can lead to violent behavior in some individuals. But does ADHD itself cause violent behavior?
That was the question posed by Rafael A. Gonzalez of the Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit at the University of London as the subject of a recent study. Gonzalez and his colleagues wanted to determine if ADHD by itself was linked directly to violent behavior in adults. And if so, what aspects of ADHD were most influential on violence?
To answer this question, Gonzalez reviewed responses from over 7,300 adults in the general population, using the Adult Self-Report Scale for ADHD. He also asked about violence, recurrence of violence acts, level of violence, and other comorbid issues. Gonzalez found that ADHD alone was only slightly predictive of violence. More specifically, the hyperactive behavior linked with ADHD, not the inattentive aspect, was the impetus for violence.
When Gonzalez examined levels of ADHD in relation to levels of violence, he discovered that the mild and moderate symptoms of ADHD were most closely related to repeated violent perpetration. However, severe ADHD was only associated with violence in the context of comorbidity. The most common conditions that appeared to be responsible for violent behavior in the adults with severe ADHD were personality problems, anxiety, and substance abuse.
“We thereby conclude that repetitive violence among persons with severe ADHD is associated with multiple forms of coexisting psychopathology but not ADHD,” said Gonzalez. Therefore, it is imperative that people with ADHD and co-existing psychological problems address the issues that could make them more susceptible to violent behavior. Future research should address the most effective ways to accomplish this.
González, R.A., Kallis, C., Coid, J.W. (2013). Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and violence in the population of England: Does comorbidity matter? PLoS ONE 8(9): e75575. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075575
© Copyright 2013 by www.GoodTherapy.org - All Rights Reserved.
The preceding article summarizes research or news from periodicals or related source material in the fields of mental health and psychology. GoodTherapy.org did not participate in or condone any studies, or conclucions thereof, that may have been cited. Any views or opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by GoodTherapy.org.
melanieOctober 17th, 2013 at 4:33 AM
You have to wonder, especially in children, if exhibiting violence, is just a way for children with ADHD to deal with feelings and emotions that they don’t really know how to handle. Having ADHD, there must be so many thoughts and feelings racing around in there and you know that as a child you would have no idea how to control any of that. One of the most natural ways for them to deal with this would be to act out, maybe even in a violent way.
Leave a Comment
By commenting you acknowledge acceptance of GoodTherapy.org's Terms and Conditions of Use.
Do you have a mental health story or experience that you wish to share? Whether your story is about therapy or psychiatry, self-help, personal healing, wellness, or a particular mental health condition or challenge, please consider contributing your written story to GoodTherapy.org!Share Today
Search Our Blog
- sandi: It’s so hard to overcome!! Understanding is a beginning.So thankful for your site and your teaching.I almost threw up when i first...
- Kristin: I lost my mom last year and have been feeling like my boyfriend does not understand that I cannot be the same person yet. I think...
- KC: To everyone who might wanna read this, I hope you can help me. I don’t know what really got me to research about parental loss. I have a...
- lotus girl: I agree with everything posted here except the “learned” helplessness part. I’ve busted my ass to escape the lifetime...
- Nessa: you hear alot about teen self injury. But not that much about adult who do. I have cut off and on the last two years as an adult but never...