Is Violence a Symptom of ADHD?October 15, 2013 • Contributed by Jen Wilson, GoodTherapy.org Correspondent
Attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) is characterized by cognitive disorganization, low attention, and impaired focus. Among the many symptoms and behaviors associated with ADHD are excess energy and externalizing behavior. Research has shown that as children with ADHD mature, their symptoms often decrease.
However, some children also exhibit signs of conduct disorder and personality problems, which exacerbate and perpetuate symptoms. This combination of psychological conditions can lead to violent behavior in some individuals. But does ADHD itself cause violent behavior?
That was the question posed by Rafael A. Gonzalez of the Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit at the University of London as the subject of a recent study. Gonzalez and his colleagues wanted to determine if ADHD by itself was linked directly to violent behavior in adults. And if so, what aspects of ADHD were most influential on violence?
To answer this question, Gonzalez reviewed responses from over 7,300 adults in the general population, using the Adult Self-Report Scale for ADHD. He also asked about violence, recurrence of violence acts, level of violence, and other comorbid issues. Gonzalez found that ADHD alone was only slightly predictive of violence. More specifically, the hyperactive behavior linked with ADHD, not the inattentive aspect, was the impetus for violence.
When Gonzalez examined levels of ADHD in relation to levels of violence, he discovered that the mild and moderate symptoms of ADHD were most closely related to repeated violent perpetration. However, severe ADHD was only associated with violence in the context of comorbidity. The most common conditions that appeared to be responsible for violent behavior in the adults with severe ADHD were personality problems, anxiety, and substance abuse.
“We thereby conclude that repetitive violence among persons with severe ADHD is associated with multiple forms of coexisting psychopathology but not ADHD,” said Gonzalez. Therefore, it is imperative that people with ADHD and co-existing psychological problems address the issues that could make them more susceptible to violent behavior. Future research should address the most effective ways to accomplish this.
González, R.A., Kallis, C., Coid, J.W. (2013). Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and violence in the population of England: Does comorbidity matter? PLoS ONE 8(9): e75575. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075575
© Copyright 2013 by www.GoodTherapy.org - All Rights Reserved.
The preceding article summarizes research or news from periodicals or related source material in the fields of mental health and psychology. GoodTherapy.org did not participate in or condone any studies, or conclusions thereof, that may have been cited. Any views or opinions expressed are not necessarily shared by GoodTherapy.org.
melanieOctober 17th, 2013 at 4:33 AM
You have to wonder, especially in children, if exhibiting violence, is just a way for children with ADHD to deal with feelings and emotions that they don’t really know how to handle. Having ADHD, there must be so many thoughts and feelings racing around in there and you know that as a child you would have no idea how to control any of that. One of the most natural ways for them to deal with this would be to act out, maybe even in a violent way.
Leave a Comment
By commenting you acknowledge acceptance of GoodTherapy.org's Terms and Conditions of Use.
Search Our Blog
- Jeff: My only fear about using sitcoms as a reference point about different cultures would be that if people find then funny, then they could...
- Angie R: I wouldn’t think that I would actually want to keep working with someone that I felt like abandoned me in my time of need. I am sure...
- Deb: I wonder why for some people this holds them back tremendously and then for others it is actually a motivational type of thing?
- Levi: If you start enforcing these things early then you have a much easier time keeping them enforced than you do if you start trying to do it as...
- Ronnie: This really could help due to the breathing exercises that could go along with the practice, I do not doubt this,